The attack on Pearl Harbor brings America into World War. The war effort revitalizes the nation's economy. American innovation and manufacturing might invigorate the Allies in Europe and in the Pacific, the ultimate piece of technology ends the war. 对珍珠港的袭击使美国成为世界大战。战争的努力振兴民族经济。美国的创新能力和制造可能活跃在欧洲和太平洋地区的盟友，该技术的最终结束战争片。
World War II strikes America.
The country fights back like never before.
America becomes the most powerful war machine
the world has ever seen.
By entering the war, the United States
transforms itself into a superpower in only four years.
We are pioneers...and trailblazers.
We fight for freedom.
We transform our dreams into the truth.
Our struggles will become a nation.
America prepares for battle.
The 1930s meant poverty.
But with war comes purpose and determination.
American industry goes into overdrive.
It will go to war with the economic and military powers of the Axis:
Germany, Italy and Japan.
包括德国 意大利 日本
Now every weapon, ration, medical supply
如今武器 粮食 和药物供给
is mass-produced on a scale
never seen before in human history.
Sometimes it takes a terrific challenge and a horrific threat
to the republic to discover how good you can be.
But the road to greatness begins with treachery.
December 7, 1941,
200 miles north of Hawaii.
A pack of cutting-edge killing machines
are on a mission:
To destroy the American fleet at Pearl Harbor.
The Japanese Zero was a better fighter
than anything the Americans had produced at that time.
The Japanese Zero.
It can fly 2,000 miles without refueling--
perfect for a surprise attack.
When Pearl Harbor was attacked,
it was one of the most stunning moments in American history.
Now 183 Japanese bombers and fighters
are heading straight for Hawaii.
Another 170 follow right behind.
Japan has built an empire across
Korea, Manchuria and Hong Kong.
It wants the whole Pacific Ocean.
But the US fleet in Pearl Harbor stands in its way.
Opana Mobile Radar Station.
30 miles north of Pearl Harbor.
Radar operator Joe Lockhard makes first contact.
Two blips are showing something out to sea.
Radar is still experimental technology in 1941.
Its importance is about to be realized.
If I could reach out and touch you from greater distances,
I had a tactical strategic advantage.
Radar will evolve into a system
essential to the modern world.
Tracking 10 million flights around America
and 5 billion passengers around the world every year.
So far, America has kept out ofthe Second World War.
We had almost our whole fleet in one little harbor,
one little area.
We were sitting ducks.
But then again, we trusted in the Japanese.
At the same time, we were having peace talks with them.
They even gave us a peace medal.
America is about to receive
the biggest wake-up call it's ever known.
Private Joseph McDonald of
the 580th Aircraft Warning Division.
Yeah, this is Opana.
It looks like there are a large number of planes
coming in from the north, three points east.
I think everyone's gone off shift. Hold on.
It's early Sunday morning.
Japan is over 4,000 miles from Hawaii.
Pearl Harbor is not expected to be attacked.
The surprise attack flaunts the specialty of American rifle men
in the War of Independence.
The tactic that made America free
is now being used against it.
We still got planes coming in.
It looks like an awful big flight.
Lieutenant Kermit Tyler.
He knows there is a flight of American B-17s
due in today.
He assumes that's what's on the screen.
Look, don't worry about it.
What do you think it is, sir?
Though radar is invented and used
by the British as early as 1935,
this SCR-270 mobile radar system
was developed by the US Army,
but radar is still considered a gadget by the military.
There are only five radar trucks
to cover the whole of the Hawaiian islands,
and they're only manned three hours a day.
Radar has another weak point:
It can't see through Hawaii's mountains.
The low-flying Japanese squadron
vanishes from the screen.
Shift over, there's nothing more the men can do.
McDonald types up his report.
Hey, Bob, take a look at this, will you?
鲍勃 来看看这个 好吗
America pays the price for neglecting radar.
When did this come in?
At 7:50 a.m.,
the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor.
Most of the marines and sailors were still in their rack.
They were still asleep.
We had no idea that this was gonna happen.
But we all know that it did.
The Japanese have prepared this attack for a year.
They have rehearsed bombing a model of Pearl Harbor in Japan,
until they reach an 80% hit rate.
All eight battleships are put out of action.
1,178 Americans are wounded.
2,403 are killed.
Private McDonald's report was finally read,
but by then, it was too late.
"A day that will live in infamy."
We were completely unprepared for that, emotionally,
and it turned the country on a dime, overnight.
Antiwar people were down,
signing up to join the Navy, the Army, or the Marines--
纷纷加入海军 陆军 或海军陆战队
whatever was required.
27 hours after the attack, America declares war on Japan.
Three days later, the US is at war with Germany.
It unleashed the wrath of America,
and I think it gave us an energy
that carried us through the rest of the war.
that massive tiger of engineering was awakened.
We had factories that were sitting underutilized in Detroit
and around the country because of the Great Depression.
We were ready to go on a building spree.
The sleeping giant awakens.
America transforms into an arsenal of democracy.
The nation sets to work.
Before the war, there were 3 million unemployed.
Now, America's huge potential is being realized.
There was no country that had a deeper economic base
and an enormous pool of not just labor,
but of scientists and engineers and technologists.
An American icon is born.
The general-purpose vehicle, known as the GP, or the jeep.
It's made for war:
tough, fast and low to the ground.
坚固 快速 底盘低
It's 37 inches high,
has a flat hood and a folding windscreen.
Its low profile makes it difficult to line up in an enemy's sights.
It's small, but can carry up to seven men.
Even the front bumper is a seat.
An M1 carbine gun goes just below the windscreen.
There's a shovel and an ax to dig yourself out of trouble.
There are jerricans of gas to get you home.
If the jeep flips over, you just lift it out.
It weighs in at a lean 2,315 pounds,
light enough to be put in gliders and dropped behind enemy lines.
What the jeep symbolized in World War II
was not cutting-edge technology,
although it was a four-wheel-drive vehicle,
so it was very capable,
but what the jeep really showed was
the power of American manufacturing.
Designed by Bantam
and produced by Willys-Overland and Ford,
three jeeps are produced every four minutes, by the end of the war.
Over the course of the war,
we deployed over 600,000 jeeps.
To fly around this open vehicle at top speed
was just something every American boy
wanted to grow up to do.
To this day, I mean,
part of the boom in SUVs that we saw was
that notion that you want a vehicle
that can go anywhere, that can do anything.
That's a very American spirit
and it really started with the jeep.
Jeeps, tanks and every other weapon of war
吉普 坦克 及其他每件战争武器
will be produced in record numbers.
But America's best-kept secret weapon of World War II
has yet to be revealed.
America sets to work.
The plan: overwhelm the enemy through mass production.
计划是: 通过大量生产 远超敌军
20 million rifles and small arms...
and 40 billion bullets produced in four years.
43 million men are registered for combat service,
but America needs more manpower.
The answer is the best-kept secret weapon of World War II.
It was actually the women back in this nation
that were the ones working in the factories,
that were putting the tanks together,
building the ships, building the airplanes.
You know, so they are actually the ones that,
logistically, won the war for us.
Women like Peggy Blakey, a migrant farm worker.
Now she works in a munitions factory,
like 2 million other women.
The Depression is suddenly over.
The factory used to make fireworks.
Now it's pumping out 20-milli meter tracer shells.
Tracer shells leave a trail of
burning chemicals containing magnesium.
See where it's going and you can hit your target.
The pressure to produce quickly is real.
So is the danger.
Just combing your hair could kill you.
Static electricity and gunpowder equal explosion.
But the risk is worth it.
Peggy makes real money. $32 a week.
To us, it was just an absolute miracle.
Before that, we made nothing.
Now we'd have money to buy shoes and a dress
and pay rent and get some food on the table.
And pay taxes.
Tax returns jump from less than 4 million
in 1939 to 42 million in 1945.
World War II will cost $300 billion...
twice as much as the federal government had spent
since George Washington.
Women's salaries set off a wartime consumer boom.
11,000 supermarkets are built.
Purchases go up 12%.
The precedent of what women
had accomplished during World War II
did linger in the memory of the society at large,
and I think was one of those things that energized the
feminist movement a decade or two later.
In World War II, when women entered the workforce,
once they got a taste of that kind of fulfillment
that work can give you,there was no going back.
But Peggy's job is undeniably dangerous.
I was most worried about the detonators.
Detonators are put into the tip of the shell last.
They explode on impact.
They set off the gun powder in the shell.
Detonators are extremely unstable.
The factory is a giant bomb.
It's loaded with tons of explosives.
It only takes a spark to set it off.
This terrible thunder storm came.
Would all staff report to the cafeteria immediately, please?
We were in a hurry to go
and somebody knocked the detonators on the floor.
We were in the pitch dark.
Somebody was screaming, "Don't move,anybody!"
I just froze right where I was.
I was afraid to step.
I was so scared, I crawled on my hands and knees.
We were in slow motion...
because if we'd stepped on one...
Making weapons can be as dangerous as using them.
In the first 16 and a half months of the war
12,000 military men died,
but 64,000 American workers die through accidents.
Another 6 million are injured.
Peggy is one of the lucky ones.
First, they survive the Depression,
now they risk their lives every day for their country at war.
That was our finest generation in terms
of people who would sacrifice and
give something of themselves.
300,000 aircraft come out of US factories during the war.
America will put them to use with a bold new tactic:
high-altitude precision bombing by day,
while the British bomb at night.
August 17, 1942.
These are the men who will see if it can be done.
If they survive, the way war is fought will change forever.
Paul Tibbets from Quincy, Illinois,,
one of America's best pilots of the B-17 bomber,
the Flying Fortress.
My father thought I was crazy not to be a doctor.
He said, "If you wanna go kill yourself, go ahead."
他说 "你想去送死 随你"
The planes are cramped, unheated and unpressurized.
Crews suffer claustrophobia,
altitude sickness and frostbite.
Of the 111 men on this mission,
31 will be dead or missing by the end of the war.
These men depend on each other.
You know, if you ask anybody that's ever been in combat,
they will tell you, yeah, sure, you fought for your country,
没错 他们是会告诉你 为国家浴血
you fought for your way of life,
you know, but in all reality,
you're fighting for your buddy that's right next to you.
The B-17 bomber is just as tough as its crew.
It's got four engines,not two.
It's got 4,000 pounds of bombs
and it can go at least 2,000 miles.
It bristles like a porcupine.
Eight 50-caliber machine guns fight off enemy air attacks.
The B-17 bomber-- it may not have been the greatest
aircraft that was ever created, but it was tough,
it was durable, and it found a way to keep going,
which is pretty much like an American soldier.
You know, tough, durable, and found a way to keep going.
坚固可靠 坚韧不拔 克服万难
The planes climb.
Oxygen keeps you alive above 10,000 feet.
No oxygen,you could black out in three minutes
and die in 20.
The target is Rouen,
the Germans' biggest railway marshalling yard in Northern France.
Trains supply the German
economic and military empire across Europe.
Tibbets' mission is to wipe the yard from the map.
August 17, 1942.
Before today, the Allies had only bombed under the cover of night.
But targets are hard to see.
To increase the chances of a direct hit,
America bombs by day.
The aim is accuracy.
The Norden bomb sight is the way to get it.
It's an early computer. It's top secret.
The crew will destroy it
rather than have it fall into enemy hands.
Dial in air speed, wind direction and altitude.
One minute to target.
The machine calculates where to fly and when to drop the bombs.
By destroying the Germans' economic and industrial base,
America will weaken the Nazis' military might.
Today's target is key.
The railway yards at Rouen
keep the German war machine alive.
45 seconds to target.
US air crews pay a high price in casualties to achieve their goal.
In 1943 alone,
2/3 of air crews never came home.
The weather is perfect for the bombing run.
But at 23,000 feet,
B-17s leave vapor trails,
arrows in the sky pointing right to the planes.
Okay, it's on.
German antiaircraft fire explodes under the B-17s.
Tibbets keeps his nerves and the plane steady.
The computerized bomb sight zeroes in on the target.
Target in sight, target in sight.
The success of the mission all rests on this moment.
36,900 pounds of bombs hit the rail yard.
50% of the bombs fall in the target area.
In 1942, that is precision bombing--
a big improvement overnight time attacks.
This technology will ultimately lead to today's
GPS-guided smart bombs.
But now the direct-hit rate is up to 95%.
Tibbets knows his mission is a success.
We caught the Germans by surprise.
They hadn't expected a daytime attack.
But then shrapnel rips the air.
The Germans open up their big guns.
88-millimeter antiaircraft shells explode around the plane.
Tibbets goes in to a steep climb,
swinging away from the flak.
They have proved daylight bombing is possible.
A feeling of elation took hold of us
as we winged back across the channel.
We had braved the enemy in his own skies,
and we're alive to tell about it.
All sides bomb industrial targets in cities in World War II.
Targeting trade in industry
means bombing in or near population centers,
a grim fact of World War II that sees ordinary families
killed in numbers undreamt of in earlier conflicts.
Paul Tibbets will be famous for another bombing run,
but it's three years away.
He will drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
For every B-17 shot down,
American workers produce two more.
Overwhelm the enemy.
Overwhelm them with machines and manpower.
By 1943, 10 million Americans have been drafted.
One is 18-year-old Harold Baumgarten,
a NewYorker from the Bronx.
He'd been offered a try out at Yankee stadium.
But before I could begin playing for the team,
I was drafted.
On July 10, 1943, I entered the US Army.
What they did as 18 or 19-year-old soldiers
was far and away of greater significance
than anything they ever did in the rest of their lives.
William Dabney convinces his grandmother,
to let him sign up at the age of 17.
I just wanted to follow my buddies.
During the Revolutionary War,
1/6 of all of George Washington's soldiers were black men.
And every time, in the course
of our first couple of hundred years
that we had a conflict,
and we called upon all citizens,
black citizens as well, to serve,
blacks stepped forward.
Despite the struggles of war, old prejudices remain.
Platoons are segregated.
The Army played a significant role
because,in many ways,
the Army was the first place
that blacks and whites began have to stand together
and represent the same idea,
even though they were in segregated barriers.
World War II changed the entire world,
but it certainly transformed the American--
the black American psyche in a way
that led to and made possible the
Civil Rights Movement of the 50s and the 60s.
William Dabney volunteers for
the exciting-sounding "Special service."
Left, left, left, right, left.
一 一 一二一
Left, left, left, right, left.
一 一 一二一
But all the training in the world,
cannot prepare him for the horror that is to come.
Southern England becomes
a massive Army camp of 3 million Allied troops.
Over a million and a half tons of equipment
are shipped and flown from America.
The goal is to retake Europe from the Germans.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower takes command
of the biggest amphibious military operation in history,
code-named "Operation Overlord."
To the world, the Normandy landings are simply known as D-Day.
Every material factor of war is catered for.
The medical corps alone stockpiles
tens of thousands of tons of medical supplies:
bandages, morphine, surgical instruments,
绷带 吗啡 外科器械
bedpans, oxygen tents, and X-ray machines.
There are prosthetic limbs
and even eyeballs in five sizes and four colors.
an American combatant could draw on 4 tons of supplies,
versus a Japanese combatant, who had just 2 pounds.
No one had ever produced so much in such a short time,
and this is what really... shocked
both the Japanese and the Germans.
Blood is so crucial,
the US develops a system of blood banks on an industrial scale.
In the six months leading up to D-Day,
a pint of blood every two seconds.
The blood is turned into plasma
so it can be used on the battlefield.
It is bottled, put in ice and packed in cans.
But all these supplies are useless
without men prepared to die.
D-Day is coming.
June 5, 1944.
American industry gives the military
the means to retake Europe.
Now the nation must sacrifice its sons.
Over 5.4 million US soldiers will
invade Europe in World War II.
That's 40 times the number of US
combat troops that originally invaded Iraq.
This is the night before the biggest
single amphibious landing the world has ever seen...
Harold Baumgarten has come a long way since enlisting a year ago.
Many of us had our heads shaved
so that our hair could not be
grabbed during hand-to-hand combat.
Many of these men have less than 12 hours to live.
I did not expect to come back alive.
I wrote such to my sister to get the mail before my parents
and break the news gently to them
when she received the telegram.
You know, we were brought upon good guys and bad guys.
We go back, we talk about our Westerns that way.
You know, Hitler was a clear enemy.
I think when you have a really clear enemy,
you've won the hearts and minds.
There is that commitment of sacrifice.
Eve of battle rituals include
Mohican haircuts and war paint.
Preparations are mental as well as material.
Dog tags are taped together so they don't rattle.
Stealth can mean you live or die.
One officer tells his men what they can expect.
Look to the right of you.
Look to the left of you.
There's only going to be
one of you left after the first week.
William Dabney now knows
what his special service mission is.
He has to drag a barrage balloon
ashore while under heavy fire.
It's a tactic designed to block
German aircraft from strafing Allied troops.
His chances are slim, but he is determined to survive.
I will return.
I will come back to the USA.
I'm not looking forward to getting shot or killed.
I'm looking forward to going home.
More than 70,000 American troops
are about to invade German-held France.
Over 1,000 will die on the first day:
June 6, 1944. D-Day.
Over 5,000 ships and 10,000 aircraft
are involved in the first wave alone.
Five beaches will be stormed.
The most infamous is code-named "Omaha Beach",
Think about Omaha Beach from the
standpoint of the young men.
The ramp is about to drop
and the sights and the sounds all around
provide the context of hell.
The first troops on Omaha Beach
meet ferocious German resistance.
Rocket launchers, mortars
and 85 machine-gun nests tear into the Americans.
There are meant to be 32 tanks with them, but 27 sink.
The men are left with virtually no cover on the beach.
William Dabney is totally exposed.
Tethered to his barrage balloon, he's defenseless.
When it's shot down, he has his chance.
Like every other soldier on Omaha Beach,
black or white, Dabney's mission now is to survive.
There wasn't any segregation there.
Harold Baumgarten is thrown straight into the carnage.
There were men with guts hanging out of their wounds
and body parts lying along our path.
Some men were simply overwhelmed by the hell they met.
By 9:00 a.m., almost 5,000 men are ashore.
There are more than 2,000 US casualties
on Omaha Beach alone.
William Dabney survives.
He is later awarded the Legion of Honor.
Operation Overlord is a logistical miracle,
but the cost is staggering.
Nearly 126,000 Americans are killed,
wounded or go missing during the Battle of Normandy.
Harold Baumgarten is hit five times.
After losing blood for over 30 hours,
Baumgarten is brought back from
the dead by a plasma transfusion,
then injections of penicillin and morphine--
the very supplies America has mass-produced to keep its men alive.
D-Day is key to Hitler's defeat.
Within a month,
the Allies have landed more than 877,000 troops,
112,000 vehicles, and 573,000 tons of supplies.
US bombing destroys
German oil reserves and transportation.
American machinery and men powers the drive to Berlin
and victory in Europe.
But men are still dying fighting the Japanese.
America turns to technology once again.
A weapon to end the war.
A weapon to change the world.
The Alamogordo Desert, New Mexico
July 16, 1945. 5:27 a.m.
In three minutes,
American technology will change the world forever.
the theoretical physicist
who loves poetry as much as science.
The FBI would track his every move,
worried that he's a Communist...
yet Oppenheimer leads the
biggest scientific test in history,
the top-secret Manhattan Project.
Theoretically, fission physics
could enable enormous amounts of explosive energy
to be released from a single device:
the atomic bomb.
The bomb is the most technologically
advanced weapon in the world,
but nobody is sure whether it will work.
Even many of the people who worked on the bomb itself
were skeptical that the bomb would actually work.
No one had ever done anything like this.
The use of bombing escalates on all sides in World War II,
so that whole cities of civilians are being hit.
Now the US military hope
a single bomb can destroy an entire city.
Wreaking that kind of mass destruction,
that was something new in the history of warfare.
The atomic bomb has put an
emphatic punctuation to that decision,
but the decision was way before 19-- August of 1945.
If this test works, there are more atomic bombs
to use on the Japanese, in hopes of ending the war.
Deputy Commanding General of the Manhattan Project,
Thomas Farrell, watches Oppenheimer.
Dr. Oppenheimer grew tenser
as the last seconds ticked off.
He scarcely breathed.
He stared directly ahead.
11... 10, 9,
十一 十 九
8, 7, 6
八 七 六
5, 4, 3
五 四 三
The temperature generated at the center of the explosion
is 10,000 times greater than the surface of the sun.
The heat turns the desert sand to glass.
The explosion is more massive than
even Oppenheimer expects.
When it went off in the New Mexico dawn,
that first atomic bomb, we thought of
Alfred Nobel and his hope,
his vain hope, that dynamite would put an end to wars.
Even the scientists themselves recognized
the gravity of that moment,
and, of course, Oppenheimer famously said,
"I become death, the destroyer of worlds,"
Quoting "The Bhagavad Gita" And recognizing
that man had really reached a turning point
where the power available to us was almost limitless.
When atomic bombs are dropped
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki,
an estimated 120,000 people die instantly.
Over the days, months and years that follow,
up to 80,000 more die slowly.
A day after the second bomb is dropped,
the Japanese surrender.
America's technical innovation
is decisive in winning the bloodiest war in history.
Having survived the Depression and World War Ii,
the greatest generation comes home.
They'd been through it all and they wanted one thing,
they wanted a better life for their families than they'd had,
and that's what they dedicated themselves to.
America's distance from battle
leaves its infrastructure intact and its economy vibrant.
It produces twice as much oil
as the rest of the world combined.
It has half the world's manufacturing capacity
and 2/3 of its gold stocks.
They had no real competition in the world
because Europe was devastated,
Asia was devastated
and America could be the colossus that it became.
World War II transforms the USA in only four years.
Americans make twice as much money
as they did before the war.
They have 50 million babies in 15 years.
There are 20 million new jobs in 25 years.
America becomes a superpower.